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Know Your Liquor: Scotch, Whisky, Bourbon and Rye

September 17, 2012

Do you really know what you’re drinking?

It is not uncommon that at some point during my Friday/Saturday night, someone will confuse whisky, scotch, rye and bourbon.

It’ll go something like this:

Ignorant Drinker: This scotch is really good!

Me (mumbling under my breath): Jack Daniels isn’t scotch, it’s a type of bourbon whisky…

But how does me being passive-agressive help you understand the differences between scotch, bourbon and whisky? Well, it doesn’t. So I’m going to tell you about the differences.

Whisky

The problem with calling a drink whisky is that it’s misleading; it makes you think that whisky is a special drink that contains a special ingredient not found in scotch, bourbon, etc. This is false. Scotch, bourbon and rye are all types of whisky; they are all liquors distilled from fermented grain that are then aged in casks for a given period of time. When you think about scotch, bourbon and rye, imagine them as members of the whisky family. For the sake of this oversimplified explanation, let’s consider anything that is not specifically scotch, bourbon or rye to be an unspecified member of the larger whisky family. Like that cousin you didn’t realize was your cousin until you two were awkwardly introduced.

Rye

If whisky is a family, Rye is the whisky family’s younger brother who tries too hard to be cool. Rye is a forage crop, not unlike wheat. There are two types of Rye liquor: American Rye and Canadian Rye. The former contains at least 51% rye and is usually not distilled above 160 Proof (80% alc). Rye is aged in oak casks, but usually they’re new, so not much is added to the flavor. Unlike scotch, rye is not usually aged for very long. This is why it costs less at Rite-Aid.

You’re more likely to have heard of Canadian Rye. The most famous Canadian Rye is Crown Royal, because it is over advertised. It’s also widely considered the best Canadian Rye, because of its smooth taste and accessible flavor. Interestingly, Crown Royal usually avoids the word “rye” in its advertising, because it hopes you will confuse it for a bourbon, which are generally more popular in the United States.

If you’re at Rite-Aid: Canadian Club is solid, especially if you’re making a mixed drink. More affordable than the top shelf.

Scotch

Scotch whisky is your successful uncle who doesn’t show up to the family reunion [Ed. My Rabbi loves scotch]. As its name suggests, scotch encompasses all Scottish whisky (note: whisky can also be spelled whiskey, the latter is the American spelling), which is usually made from wheat and rye. There are two main types of scotch: single-malt and blended. When a scotch is called single-malt, is has been made with only water and malted-barely. For reasons that are beyond my comprehension of science, the water in Scotland produces whisky with a very smooth taste that can present strong and at times intricate flavors.

Blended scotches worth mentioning, because they’re what you’re most likely to run into on this campus (in terms of scotch). Because they are composed with wheat and rye from multiple different crops, blended whiskys are cheaper and a good way to figure out whether or not you like scotch. Blends are also usually younger whiskys. One of the best blended scotches is Johnnie Walker Black Label. I hear it’s Christina Hendricks’ favorite drink.

In the land of single malts, the word you need to remember is Speyside, a sliver of northern Scotland wherein some of the best are made. If you are in a liquor store and you know nothing about Scotch, buying one made in Speyside is probably your best guarantor of quality. Some of the most famous single-malt scotches are The Macallan, The Glenlivet and Glenfidditch. Because it is typically aged at least 10 years before bottling, even lower-end single malts can cost between $50 and $60. A note: there are not many single-malts that have a place in a mixed drink.

If you’re at Rite-Aid: The Glenfidditch 12 Year Old is a good place to start. It comes in a green box.

Bourbon

Bourbon is your cousin that has more fun than you do. Bourbon is usually made from corn and derives its name from its roots in Bourbon County, Kentucky and French House of Bourbon, in that order. It is the South’s contribution to American drinking culture. The best bourbons come from Tennessee and Kentucky, though there is a distinction in flavor betweens states. When your friends talk about Jack Daniels, they mean the Tennessee bourbon whisky (which is also the most popular whisky in the world). Bourbons are generally a rockier drink to take straight. Then again you don’t hear about people getting shit-faced on scotch, do you.

Bourbon is an all-American drink, by which I mean Congress mandated in 1964 that only whisky produced in the US can be called bourbon. Most is produced in Kentucky. Because many popular bourbons are not very aged, Bourbon is generally less expensive than scotch (especially single malt) and more commonly found than Rye whisky. This means you can mix it or take it straight, though it won’t go down as sweet as rum would.

If you’re at Rite-Aid: Jack Daniels is probably best on the low end. If you have a little more to spend, Makers Mark is great.

There you have it. This is only a primer on whisky. Books and books have been written on the distinctions between each variety. Now go forth and impress your friends.

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22 Comments leave one →
  1. September 17, 2012 10:15 am

    Sam, bro, you forgot about the most important rules of Bourbon: that it must be at least 51% corn, aged in brand new charred oak barrels for a minimum of 6 years, and produced in the USA. It’s not just any old American distilled whiskey. 95% of the world’s bourbon is distilled in Kentucky.

    Woodford Reserve, in Kentucky, owns Jack Daniels and they make an awesome bourbon, though it’s very pricey. Jack does not market itself as bourbon, rather as Tennessee whiskey.

    A good-priced and good tasting bourbon is Bulleit, which also makes a delicious rye.

    A great spring break trip would be to the Kentucky Bourbon Trail in the Lexington area, a visit to seven total distilleries. I tried to visit them all in a weekend and it was rough. I made 4 of 7, so I’m still working on it.

    I am very happy that The Thrill is educating Kenyon about whiskeys! Stay away from Ancient Age, kids.

    Love from your friend, the Bourbon Baroness and Whiskey Queen,
    Nicolyn ’12

  2. Anonymous permalink
    September 17, 2012 1:20 pm

    SAM COLT. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rREGbLdOzfg

    (But what is “malted-barely”?)

    • Sarah Schiller permalink
      September 21, 2012 6:40 am

      Sammy can attest that I started this trend. You’re welcome, world.

  3. Anonymous permalink
    September 18, 2012 3:53 am

    Jack Daniels is exceedingly mediocre and overpriced. You can buy Evan Williams, a better bourbon, for about half the price. If you’re gonna go with top shelf Woodford Reserve or Knob Creek are the ones.

    Also it’s anachronistic and strange to see you write “Tennessee Bourbon Whisky” for at least two reasons.

  4. Anonymous permalink
    September 20, 2012 12:44 pm

    Dad!

  5. Anonymous permalink
    September 20, 2012 1:07 pm

    Jack Daniel’s is not Bourbon. Also it is not bourbon if it is not made in Kentucky.

  6. Sarah Schiller permalink
    September 21, 2012 6:38 am

    Visiting a whisky distillery in two weeks. Holla! Also, FUN FACT: I saw a bottle of Johnnie Walker Blue King George V Edition at a whisky store last week…it runs between £8,000 and £10,000!!! Apparently this edition was aged in the original casks or whatevs from 1934…WHAT.

  7. JohnM permalink
    December 7, 2012 12:36 am

    FWIW Its Irish Whiskeys that are spelt with an “E”. Whiskies from Scotland are always spelt without an “E” from what I’ve learnt..

    • Anonymous permalink
      June 28, 2013 3:55 pm

      John M, I can’t decide if that is the funniest or the saddest thing I have ever read.

  8. Anonymous permalink
    June 28, 2013 11:00 am

    Horrible and inaccurate article along with similiar comments.
    Uggh!

  9. Anonymous permalink
    June 28, 2013 11:07 am

    This article and comments are almost entirely wrong.

    • Anonymous permalink
      June 28, 2013 2:16 pm

      Seriously, folks do a little research.

  10. Anonymous permalink
    June 28, 2013 2:36 pm

    Probably the worst article on whisk(e)y I’ve ever read. The facts are so mangled it could be mistaken for a car wreck.

  11. MikeN permalink
    June 28, 2013 4:08 pm

    -” Books and books have been written on the distinctions between each variety”

    You should have read a couple of them before writing this drivel.

  12. Anonymous permalink
    June 28, 2013 6:56 pm

    Wow… Just, wow.

    Please revise this article – you’ve missed/gotten wrong as much as you got right.

    Blended Scotch doesn’t contain “wheat and rye” – it’s Scotch, blended with GNS (grain neutral spirit).

    Rye isn’t what you think it is – most rye costs MORE than similarly aged bourbon, and any lack of age is a byproduct of demand. There are amazing 10, 13, 18, 21 year old ryes – and they are far more pricey, and rare, than bourbon counterparts.

    Crown Royal isn’t a Rye whiskey – it’s a Canadian Whiskey. And Canadians can call some things rye that aren’t really, but most of their non-rye offerings are called Canadian Whiskey.

    And the comments are laughable –

    “has to be made in Kentucky to be Bourbon?” FALSE
    “Must be aged 6 years” – FALSE (2 years to be “straight”), and if made in KY, it’s gotta be aged 1 year/1day
    Scotch has to be aged 3 years at least
    Woodford & Makers “top shelf”? Mid-shelf by price, and bottom shelf by actual quality

    Appreciate the effort, but

    • Anonymous permalink
      June 28, 2013 8:09 pm

      After thinking about it….maybe this article is just one big joke.

  13. Anonymous permalink
    June 16, 2014 5:23 pm

    The good folks at the Glenfiddich distillery would probably appreciate it if you spelled their whisky’s name correctly. And all of them would appreciate if you didn’t bastardize the pool of good information about scotch whisky.

  14. tony permalink
    September 26, 2014 7:57 am

    Jack Daniels isn’t scotch, it isnt even a bourbon either. it is a “Tennessee whiskey”. wont even say bourbon on the bottle.

    • Anonymous permalink
      October 14, 2014 4:58 am

      Lol.

      Jack Daniels is bourbon

Trackbacks

  1. For the Love of a Good Scotch « THE SCARECROW
  2. How Good is Good Enough? (Pt. 2 of 2) « Smooth ReEntry
  3. How I Won The Thrill (But Shouldn’t Have) | The Thrill

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